neiman marcus credit card login park hyatt credit card offer instant online loans unemployed credit card with rewards no fee is horizon gold credit card good virgin credit card offers for existing customers standard chartered credit card customer care toll free number can you get a secured credit card with bad credit should i consolidate my credit card debt into my mortgage what;s the best credit card to use in the usa jcb credit card number format aqua credit card lost guaranteed bad credit loan uk billdesk hdfc credit cards payment compare credit card interest rates uk halifax credit card online security us bank corporate credit card rewards orchard bank credit card bill pay login sbi irctc credit card reward points average household credit card debt 2013 citibank credit card types when will my capital one credit limit increase car finance bad credit bristol australian government help credit card debt low interest balance transfer credit cards uk reporting credit card fraud uk hdfc gold credit card apply santander credit card rate increase bank of america credit card login pay online how to apply for credit card online in india citi corporate credit card payment rbc royal bank credit card low rate balance transfer major bank secured credit cards best prepaid visa card australia blank credit card authorization form template best online payday advance reviews credit score needed for a best buy credit card apply for simmons first credit card credit card debt uk statistics lifetime free credit cards in india 2012 psn wallet credit card information not valid business credit card rewards comparison reputable credit card debt relief companies nandos black card buy circuit city credit card customer service orchard bank secured credit card apply commonwealth bank platinum credit card travel insurance credit cards with 0 interest on balance transfers and no balance transfer fees test credit card numbers with security code paypal 90 day payday loans no credit check australia does getting rid of a credit card hurt your credit score apply visa credit card online easy credit cards with bad credit chase prepaid visa card types of credit card visa mastercard online apply for hdfc bank credit cards open sky secured visa card public savings instant approval credit cards for bad credit unsecured credit card settlement letter india mbna canada credit card reviews quick cash loans for unemployed td canada trust credit cards rates check status of cibc credit card application low balance transfer credit card canada how to reduce credit card debt without hurting your credit credit card types visa mastercard discover apple itunes credit card declined credit card with bad credit or no credit visa credit card details free american express costco credit card rewards pay tesco credit card online pay loans faster credit card verification form korean air free orange pay as you go sim card with 5 free credit no fax payday loans online instant approval disney rewards credit card application where do i mail my bank of america credit card payment apply for visa debit card bank of ireland interest free credit card transfer deals target visa card activation icici credit cards online apply what is a good apr percentage for a credit card td us dollar visa cardholder agreement chase visa credit cards british airways visa card uk icici credit card international transaction fee best low interest rate credit card canada balance transfer fee top 10 low interest rate credit cards credit card uk bad credit history inner fence llc credit card terminal how to get a credit card if you have bad credit in canada uk credit card number credit card limit increase letter format credit card reward schemes compared best credit card transfer balance australia top credit card issuers 2011 4 main types of credit cards instant payday loans online uk virgin credit cards customer service telephone number interest free balance transfer credit card no fee barclaycard credit card charges abroad i have no credit which credit card should i get staples business credit card application status best credit card for bad credit rating fast cash loans online lenders speck iphone credit card case vodafone to airtel balance transfer code sbi credit card reward points redeem catalog mastercard amazon login best student credit card canada how to pay paypal credit card bill best credit card offer april 2013 what is the best credit card rewards program hsbc gold credit card promo andhra bank credit card apply online pay day advance loans top bad credit loan companies what does guaranteed credit card mean most premium credit cards in india loans with bad credit no guarantor 100 online payday loans no phone calls test credit card numbers uk vanquis credit card balance number bad credit credit cards unsecured instant approval uk how to get approved for a credit card with no credit first premier credit card cash advance limit should i consolidate my credit cards with a personal loan platinum card emirates airline best credit card for money transfer to current account 90 day pay loans credit cards for college students with low apr credit cards for bad credit instant approval australia myer visa card annual fee qxl online payday loan us credit card number credit limit definition wikipedia chase credit card fraud prevention good credit cards for students balance transfer calculator malaysia credit cards with no credit check citi american airlines credit card how do i pay my maurices credit card pay amazon visa card online sbi credit card annual fee tesco credit card cash advance limit how to get a citibank credit card anz prepaid visa credit cards should i get credit card protection best credit cards 2013 canada spending natwest credit card points best small business credit card processing apply for household credit card balance transfer credit card offers for fair credit hsbc credit card 50 cash back best usaa credit card 2012 best pay advance loans credit cards after bankruptcy discharge 2012 credit card debt on death air mile credit cards no annual fee bank of america instant credit card approval number iphone app for storing store reward cards best credit card rewards offers 2012 online credit card generator 2011 hilton platinum credit card uk chase freedom credit card for bad credit how to apply for credit card in hdfc bank online 0 interest credit cards purchases 12 months credit card limit enhancement letter format hdfc bank credit cards for those with very bad credit how to download free apps for ipad 2 without credit card types of credit card fraud in india best credit card travel offers data mining implementation for credit cards application processing system myer visa card application does applying for a new credit card hurt my credit score mbna credit cards canada review top credit card companies 2013 which credit card is best for college students first time no credit credit card credit card merchant services hong kong get virtual credit card us billing address payday loan no credit check how to apply credit card maybank credit cards with rewards bad credit capital one first credit card sbi credit card agents hsbc credit card application online philippines pay my lane bryant credit card bill prepaid credit cards uk visa credit card processing application credit cards for newly discharged bankruptcy merchant credit card fees wiki credit card machine for iphone canada ipad credit card app australia paypal non-profit credit card processing fees accept credit cards by phone no credit check generic hotel credit card authorization form credit card app for android chase visa card security code no credit check loans online instant approval australia uk credit card numbers explained credit card app iphone canada rbc visa black card requirements walmart credit card canada cash advance first usa credit card services net pay advance wichita iphone 5 credit card charger top cash advance lenders reviews best travel credit card canada 2012 apply for credit card with no credit no annual fee cibc visa credit card travel insurance best android credit card reader best travel rewards cards 2013 amazon credit card payment login bank of america credit card rewards bbb accredited bad credit loan companies ebay credit card protection cibc visa debit card problems compare credit card rewards canada difference between regular gold and platinum credit cards best introductory rate credit cards canada pay standard chartered credit card bill axs direct online payday loan lenders ipad credit card reader case balance transfer credit cards no annual fee pay advance form natwest business credit card rewards united chase visa card login art van ge credit card login best credit card company to work for best credit card canada for bad credit sbi online apply credit cards best chase credit card to rebuild credit standard chartered credit card application number format best buy credit card no interest citibank reward credit card redemption how to negotiate with credit card companies to payoff best student visa card canada credit card car rental insurance mastercard bmo guaranteed credit cards platinum credit card hdfc pay victoria secret credit card old manual credit card machine hdfc credit card apply online in bangalore chase visa credit card benefits bad credit personal loans uk lenders pay maurices credit card online chase freedom visa credit card application south west trains gold card free weekend travel shoppers drug mart credit card easy to get instant payday loans online direct lenders best bad credit cards 2013 how does wells fargo payday advance work easy credit cards to get with no credit top credit cards usa short term cash loans for unemployed what is my monthly credit card payment calculator how do i find out the status of my walmart credit card application australian credit card rewards comparison hull university half platinum card orchard bank credit card application process can you get a credit card after chapter 7 bankruptcy pre approved credit card offer opt out best credit card terminal for iphone 2012 use apple apps store without credit card sbi credit card payment login hdfc credit card search td canada trust student credit cards best travel rewards cards in canada quick 3 month payday loans capital one platinum credit card limits best air miles credit card 2013 canada ways to pay off credit card debt quickly capital one balance transfer card how to use paypal prepaid credit card citibank credit cards pay online united chase business credit card what is cash back credit card rewards top cashback credit cards canada visa cards numbers free target visa card login icici credit card apply online hyderabad small business credit card offers no personal guarantee best canada credit card visa bad credit card pc richards credit card review clothing store credit cards with bad credit barclays credit card application online most popular credit cards in australia simmons first credit card account citibank credit card reward points catalogue 2013 chase freedom credit card history payday cash advance loans in georgia what is a good credit card rates apr sbi online credit card payment through net banking hsbc best buy reward zone credit card how to apply maybank credit card machine cash back credit card reviews canada register credit card online barclays orchard bank credit cards for poor credit best credit cards to apply for with poor credit how to negotiate a debt settlement with your credit card company hsbc credit card online application status credit card cash advance credit score cash advance lenders online only credit limit calculator for hdfc credit card 2 cash back credit cards axis bank credit card cash back offer hard plastic credit card protector icici platinum credit cards offers list of department store credit cards for bad credit credit card debt consolidation loan bad credit if you file bankruptcy can you keep your credit cards capital one secured credit card to rebuild credit pay hdfc credit card bill online through hdfc net banking chase credit card for students review best visa rewards card consumer reports money magazine credit card ratings 2012 get free virtual credit card to verify paypal high credit limit credit cards for excellent credit standard chartered credit card review philippines apply for a walmart credit card online platinum credit cards wiki pay lic premium using credit cards paypal accept credit cards directly balance transfer from hdfc credit card to sbi credit card create paypal account virtual credit card sbi credit card customer care number mumbai grand hyatt credit card authorization form online cash advance lenders types of credit cards in sbi hdfc credit card help desk chennai virtual visa debit card canada paypal credit card reader uk can you pay belk credit card with gift card credit cards for newcomers to canada best practices credit card usage ambank credit card cashback 20 southwest rewards credit card no annual fee pc richards credit card online payment best credit card for living abroad should i get a 401k loan to pay off credit card debt victoria secret credit card payment axis bank gold credit card online apply hsbc corporate credit card malaysia when you get a company credit card do they check your credit walmart visa credit card prepaid loans to consolidate credit cards how to get a credit card with very bad credit square iphone credit card review compare credit card processing canada sears master credit card canada top 10 credit cards in canada prepaid credit cards cvs pharmacy nationwide credit card limit reduced vodafone balance transfer code student credit cards visa or mastercard interest free credit card transfer uk small business credit cards bad credit best credit cards no annual fee low interest business credit cards bad credit history secured business credit card canada title loans online no credit check best travel credit cards 2013 canada student credit cards natwest virgin money black credit card best credit card reward programs 2012 southwest airlines credit card companion pass 6 month payday loans direct lenders no credit check typical vanquis credit card limit experian credit card fraud alert cerulean discover credit card review how to buy apps on android market without credit card application for credit card hdfc bank walmart credit card app review bank of america cash rewards credit cards us bank business credit card review cibc visa cash back credit card payday loan online no teletrack direct lender account number on visa debit card credit card rate comparison calculator credit card for student with no credit history best buy credit cards contact number sentinel credit card protection australia gas station credit cards for fair credit how to increase credit limit on argos card compare credit card rates south africa 12 month 0 balance transfer no fee pre approved credit cards chase chase freedom credit card 200 cash back how does capital one guaranteed credit card work the best visa credit card in malaysia new york company visa credit card personal loan bad credit direct lender prepaid credit card australia commonwealth what is the best credit card to get for bad credit transfer credit card balance to bank account hdfc apply amazon bank of america credit card top 10 credit cards for bad credit uk instant approval business credit card offers rbs consumer credit card cards online ryanair credit card fees warning what credit card should i apply for with bad credit latest credit card frauds in india easiest unsecured credit card to get visa credit card login compare credit cards travel easy cash loans online nz macy;s credit card approval process which credit cards use experian only secured credit cards canada scotiabank credit card balance transfers australia for life does a secured credit card help rebuild credit sbi platinum credit card customer care navy federal or usaa secured credit card actual online payday loan lenders how do you apply for a credit card yahoo best credit card reader apps for iphone toys r us credit card increase limit credit card applications instant approval for bad credit hdfc credit cards online application chase bp gas credit card cash loans now uk top credit card processing companies in the us gas rewards credit card reviews secured credit card low interest visa card canada post cash advance credit card atm pin paypal credit card payments uk gold cardigan monsoon student loans with bad credit history apple barclay credit card customer service how do i accept credit cards online guaranteed payday loans direct lenders chase credit card security code visa credit card application form average us credit card processing fees credit card debt help free rbs visa credit card uk babies r us credit card number can you get a credit card with no credit discover credit card application for students green or black cardamom do i need a credit card for paypal to receive money low credit card rate high limit easy to get credit cards starbucks platinum card sold out get online visa card pc mastercard app manage rewards cards app credit card to rebuild credit score jp morgan government travel credit card what is the best prepaid credit card to rebuild credit poor credit loans best travel rewards credit card 2012 with no annual fee credit cards for new business owners value city credit card payment easy credit cards to get approved for how does a credit card work in india cheapest way to transfer money from credit card international merchant services credit card processing easy cash loans for bad credit are credit card rewards taxable best buy reward credit card travel reward credit card reviews canada personal loans with bad credit online axis bank credit card online application can you get a student loan with bad credit uk travel rewards credit cards uk credit card application form hdfc does paying the minimum payment on a credit card affect your credit score my first credit card barclays 57x40 thermal credit card machine rolls wonga cash loans uk kohls credit card payments current limitation of online credit card payment system rooms to go ge credit card payment mastercard credit card application standard chartered credit card application status with reference number accepting credit card payments for small business canada credit card application format bank of america 2.5 cash back credit card zero percent interest on balance transfer credit cards rental car no credit card credit check bank of ireland credit card interest rates bp gas credit card review new payday loan direct lender uk credit card with no credit history capital one fake visa credit card numbers with security code chase cash advance credit card limit help paying off credit card debt government help can i use my walmart credit card in canada are department store credit cards good for your credit rbs credit cards online india cibc credit card rental insurance cibc credit card balance phone number vanquis credit limit increase hsbc credit card balance transfer promotion instant credit card approval with bad credit canada
spacer image


A Real-World Joomla! Template


A Real Plan for DC Voting Rights and Home Rule

  • We believe that residents of the District of Columbia should have voting rights in the US Senate and House of Representatives equal to those of all other Americans.
  • We support Maryland-based solutions that provide full voting rights in the House and Senate and real home-rule for the residents of the District of Columbia.
  • Our two-part plan calls for Congress to restore the right of DC residents to vote as part of the Maryland electorate for congressional representation, and to support Washington becoming a new home-rule city in Maryland.

Contact Us

Committee for the Capital City
PO Box 77443
Washington, DC 20013-8443
Rick Dykema, "D.C. Voting Rights - The Bipartisan, Constitutional Way", Roll Call, 8/15/03 PDF Print E-mail
Roll Call
D.C. Voting Rights — The Bipartisan, Constitutional Way
By Richard T. Dykema - Special to Roll Call
August 11, 2003

Those who live in the Washington, D.C., area know better than anyone else that District of Columbia residents have been deprived of Congressional voting rights for most of our nation's history. Many also know something about the continual protests and campaigns that attempt to remedy this situation.

The usual assumption by both the proponents and opponents in these campaigns is that the choice is between creating two Senators and one Representative for one city (with fewer people than all but the smallest Congressional districts), or keeping the status quo of no voting Congressional representation for the half-million-plus residents of the nation's capital. Thanks to the efforts of the Committee for the Capital City and the goodwill and courage of Rep. Tom Davis (R-Va.), the realization is spreading that there is a way to provide full and fair federal representation for D.C. residents without statehood, a constitutional amendment or adding two new Senators.

The CCC first presented its proposal in an hour-long meeting with D.C. Del. Eleanor Holmes Norton (D), followed by a presentation to Government Reform Chairman Davis' office. The first portion of the CCC proposal would temporarily expand the size of the House of Representatives by one to accommodate a ninth Member from Maryland, who would represent D.C. This seat would be expanded at the next redistricting to allow for Maryland districts of equal population, while keeping D.C. intact within one district. Up to this point, the CCC proposal corresponds with what later became known as the "Davis approach" (with the possible additional twist of expanding the House by one more seat to also accommodate an additional representative from Utah).

The CCC proposal doesn't stop there, however. It also provides for D.C. residents to vote for Maryland's Senators and presidential electors. (To avoid overrepresentation in the Electoral College, the proposal would have Congress exercise its power under the 23rd Amendment to provide that the separate D.C. electoral votes not be cast.)

The Constitution could hardly be any clearer in its mandate that Senators and Representatives come from states. That's why the proposal offered by Norton and Sen. Joe Lieberman (D-Conn.) to create by statute two Senators from D.C. as a non-state entity is entirely unconstitutional. The CCC proposal, on the other hand, by restoring the federal representation through Maryland which D.C. residents once enjoyed, stays within the constitutional framework and could be enacted without the need for a constitutional amendment.

Allowing U.S. citizens to vote in an election only for a state's federal offices is not unprecedented. That's the method Congress chose to enfranchise the more than 4 million U.S. citizens who live abroad. Under the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act, U.S. citizens living in other countries are permitted to register and vote for federal offices in the last state they had a connection with, even if they don?t pay taxes to that state and don?t have the intention of returning to that state. This law applies even to U.S. citizens who have never lived in the United States, who can qualify based on the last U.S. address of their U.S. citizen parents.

It should also be noted that the fact that Maryland ceded the District of Columbia to the federal government in 1788 does not mean Congress is forever precluded from restoring any of the state citizenship rights to D.C. residents that it took away in 1800. Maryland, just like every other state, has ceded many areas to the federal government over the years. In Maryland?s case, the largest such "districts" include the National Institutes of Health campus, Fort Meade, the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Aberdeen Proving Grounds and the Assateague Island National Seashore. Combined, these federal enclaves are much larger in area than the 68 square miles that make up the District of Columbia.

Yet, although Congress has the power of "exclusive legislation" over all of these enclaves, in every other case it has allowed residents to retain their state citizenship rights, including voting. So there's no reason why Congress couldn't make a similar decision to restore some voting rights for residents of the District of Columbia. What Congress takes away by statute can be restored by statute.

There is a reasonable and constitutional solution to this 200-year-old deprivation of voting rights that Members of Congress and D.C. residents, Republicans and Democrats, can get behind. Tom Davis is opening the door let's not let this opportunity slip away. Richard T. Dykema, chief of staff and legislative director for Rep. Dana Rohrabacher (R-Calif.), was a minority professional staff member for the District of Columbia Committee from 1989 to 1995, and is a member of the Committee for the Capital City.

Copyright 2003 © Roll Call Inc. All rights reserved.